Foundations Of Western Civilizations

Development of western civilizations:

Western civilization is built up of six major stages:

  • Mesopotamia, Egypt & Hebrews - 3000-500 BC
  • Ancient Greece - 1200-200 BCE
  • Ancient Rome - 753 BCE- 476 CE
  • The Early Middle Ages - 476-1000 CE
  • The High Middle Ages - 1000-1300 CE
  • The Late Middle Ages - 1300-1500 CE

The development of the western civilizations began in the Near East (as early as the 3000 BC) at the time when the humans started to shift from the hunter-gatherer societies into the agricultural lands. The concept of farming had become a prominent source of livelihood in and around the Euphrates, Tigris and the Jordon Rivers. Later on, the prevalence of farming had widespread across Europe, thus evolving a heritage of ideas among the then country’s population.

The fact that instead of the western civilizations belonging to a specific place, the same was built as a result of the conglomeration of the cultures, interacting and changing. The Greek and the Roman ideas of government, philosophy and literature had left an indelible impression upon the development of the western civilizations. See below to denote the impact of the Greek and the Roman ideas on the evolution of the western civilization themes There was a robust advancement in the form of democratic societies amongst the western civilizations. Since 1215, the King John of England influenced the ‘democratic’ thought that subsequently advanced the occasion of forming the western culture. In 1970s, the European government had 40 democratic governments worldwide that subsequently imparted advanced philosophical thoughts amongst the population. The advancement in thoughts and culture was thus a foundation stone for the western civilization.

The harsh territory and the climate compelled the Mesopotamian people to leave behind the life of kin and tribe instead work together to survive. The step was possibly the first step on the road towards the present urban age that influenced the people’s decision to live in the cities than the countryside. Eventually, the Greek achievements and Roman developments had left an indelible impression on the European civilization. The fragmented power structure had administered the development of the feudalism thus embedding a unique feature of forming a representative government.

The advent of globalization had widened the way of looking at the world, thus strengthening the base of the western civilization in the modern age. Technology and wealth had thus made the west a dominant civilization on the planet.