Industrial Revolution


Industrial revolution began in the 1800s in Great Britain and it is regarded as one of the most significant events in the history of world economies, especially with regards to economic growth and urbanization. The transformations that industrial revolution engendered in the society was quite remarkable and it is responsible for the changes and development of the modern nation-state. Industrial revolution brought with it the invention of many new items including products and services, although it also brought along some side effects.

Major changes or factors responsible for Industrial Revolution

The major factors that aided industrial revolution include the following:

  1. The invention of mechanically propelled machines that replaced doing work with hand tools
  2. The use of steam power and later, other kinds of power
  3. The adoption of the factory system

This period saw a drastic change in the way goods and services were produced, with the invention and fabrication of different kinds of tools that performs tasks quicker and better replacing the manual ways of doing work. All a worker now required was the necessary skill to operate these machines. The use of steam power also made it possible to perform heavy tasks that would have required several men or animals to achieve. All that was needed was to train a man to handle and control the machine apparatus which gets the job done quicker. With the factory system, it became possible for several men to accomplish a task faster and efficiently with each man handling a specific procedure in the stages of production. This translates to higher volumes of goods and services produced within a shorter space of time. The new system made it possible for more labor force with minimum skills to be employed to man these machines producing faster and higher volume of produce.

England in the Industrial Revolution

The origin of the industrial revolution is known to be in England. Among the factors said to be responsible for this is the fact that English merchants were known to be quite enterprising in commerce than their counterparts in other parts of the world. This naturally translated to more demand for goods and services among the population which resulted in finding alternative ways in producing the needed goods and services. England was also home to very generous population of investors in industrial researches that aimed at meeting the ever increasing needs in commerce. Another important factor was the laissez-faire doctrine which ensured little or no interference in business affairs by the government which improved commercial activities.

One of the most significant and early benefits that came with industrial revolution is the increase in the average income of workers which translated to a higher standard of living.