Church Vs State

INTRODUCTION

In medieval Europe, the Church was seen to be the divine ruler over each country with the Pope being the supreme leader of both church and state. Kings and their kingdom were subject to the taxes and the rules that the church laid out. The Reformation however saw the split between the church and the state and it was King Henry VIII reign that saw the ultimate rebellion against the pope and the King became the head of the church and the state of England therefore cutting of the Pope and the Catholic religion.

WHY DID KING HENRY VIII DECIDE TO GO AGAINST THE POPE?

The reformation had already begun elsewhere in Europe by the time Henry VIII decided he wanted to divorce his first wife Catherine of Aragon. There were two main reasons that Henry VIII wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon. The first reason was that she had given birth to a daughter and he needed a male heir. The second reason for wanting this divorce was because he had fallen in love with Anne Boleyn and wanted to marry her.

Henry VIII took to the bible to prove to the pope that this marriage was illegal because Catherine of Aragon was first married to his older brother Arthur. However Arthur died before he was able to become King giving Henry VIII the role. Henry VIII discovered an Old Testament verse that states how a brother may not marry his wife. However the Pope refused to give permission for Henry VIII to divorce Catherine of Aragon.

HOW DID HENRY VIII BECOME HEAD OF CHURCH OF ENGLAND?

Henry VIII convinced his parliament that his marriage was indeed against religious law and in turn managed to convince his parliament to declare him head of the Church of England as well as being the rightful ruler of state. This therefore was the beginning of the Anglican Church of England.

CONCLUSION

There is much speculation as to what would have happened if the Pope had allows Henry VIII to divorce Catherine of Aragon. Before this one event Henry VIII was indeed a devout Catholic and loyal to the Pope. He was so loyal that he also received the title Defender of the Faith due to his actions against Protestant leaders.

Henry VIII loyalty to the Catholic faith was enough for some scholars to believe the reformation may not have happened for many years later in England if it had not have been for the refusal to annul the marriage between Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.